SEPHARVAIM

SEPHARVAIM
SEPHARVAIM (Heb. סְפַרוַיִם ,סְפַרְוָיִם), one of the cities from which the king of Assyria brought settlers to Samaria, after the conquest of the Kingdom of Israel (II Kings 17:24). Sepharvaim is also mentioned among the city-states which, as King Sennacherib of Assyria boasts, were unable to hold out against the king of Assyria (I Kings 18:34; 19:13 = Isa. 36:19; 37:38). Two principal suggestions have been made for the identification of the city. Some identify it with Sippar, one of Babylonia's leading sacred cities, on the ground that it is mentioned together with Babylon and Cuthah (II Kings 17:24), and indeed the annals of Sennacherib tell of the deportation of inhabitants from both Sippar and Cuthah. The identification of Sippar with Sepharvaim is supported by the forms ספרים (I Kings 17:31) and ספריים (1QIsaa 36:19; 37:13), (Heb. ספרוים) being apparently a scribal error due to the similarity of the letters vav and yod. The name (Heb. ספרוים) appears to be the dual form, indicating a twin-city, and in fact Sippar consisted of Si-ip-ar ša Šamaš and Si-ip-ar ša A-nu-ni-tum ("Sippar of the god Shamash" and "Sippar of the goddess Anunitum").Others identify Sepharvaim with Sibraim (Ezek. 47:16), situated in Syria between Damascus and Hamath. This identification is based on the fact that in II Kings 18:34 Sepharvaim is mentioned together with Hamath and Arpad, and that the Peshitta of Ezekiel 47:16 reads Sepharvaim instead of Sibraim. The gods of Sepharvaim, adrammelech and anammelech (II Kings 17:31), were worshiped, according to the proponents of the first identification, in Sippar in Babylonia, and according to the proponents of the second, in Sibraim in Syria. It is difficult to decide definitely in favor of one rather than the other identification. The suggestion that the biblical passages are to be explained as referring at times to Sippar and at times to Sibraim is not very probable, since in four of the passages (I Kings 18:34; 19:13; Isa. 36:10; 37:15) the three cities Hamath, Ivvah (Avva), and Sepharvaim are named together, showing that the same Sepharvaim is meant in all of them, and it is difficult to suppose that a different one is intended in I Kings 17:31. -BIBLIOGRAPHY: G.R. Driver, in: Eretz Israel, 5 (1959), 18–20 (Eng.). See commentaries to II King 17–18 and Isaiah 36–37. (Isaac Avishur)

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

Игры ⚽ Нужно решить контрольную?

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Sepharvaim — taken by a king of Assyria, probably Sargon II, (2 Kings 17:24; 18:34; 19:13;Isa. 37:13).It was a double city, and received the common name Sepharvaim, i.e., the two Sipparas, or the two booktowns. The Sippara on the east bank of the Euphrates is …   Wikipedia

  • Sepharvāim — Sepharvāim, Provinz u. Stadt in Assyrien, deren Bewohner Salmanassar an die Stelle der weggeführten Juden ins Reich Israel versetzte …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • SEPHARVAIM — civitas Aflyriorum, 2. Reg. c. 17. v. 24. unde, inter alias urbes gentesque, a Rege Aslyriorum Samariam colonia deducta, post X. Tribuum regnum sub Hosea excisum. Colebant autem τοὺς Adra melech, et Ana melech, quibus Deastris liberos suos igni… …   Hofmann J. Lexicon universale

  • Sepharvaim —    Taken by Sargon, king of Assyria (2 Kings 17:24; 18:34; 19:13; Isa. 37:13). It was a double city, and received the common name Sepharvaim, i.e., the two Sipparas, or the two booktowns. The Sippara on the east bank of the Euphrates is now… …   Easton's Bible Dictionary

  • 2 Kings 17 — 1 In the twelfth year of Ahaz king of Judah began Hoshea the son of Elah to reign in Samaria over Israel nine years. 2 And he did that which was evil in the sight of the LORD, but not as the kings of Israel that were before him. 3 Against him… …   The King James version of the Bible

  • SOCOTH-BENOTH — Idolum Babyloniorum, 2. Regum c. 17. v. 30. Ubi, postquam Salmanassar Rex Assyriae, excisô Samaritanorum regnô, incolas captivos abduxerat, migrare iubens in Samariam colonias de Babel, de Cuth, de Ava, de Hamath, et de Sepharvaim: dicitur,… …   Hofmann J. Lexicon universale

  • ANAMMELECH — (Heb. עֲנַמֶּלֶךְ), deity worshiped by the people of sepharvaim (II Kings 17:31), who were settled in Samaria (II Kings 17:24; Isa. 36:19), probably by Shalmaneser V or by sargon ii . The people of Sepharvaim (possibly Sibraim in Syria (cf. Ezek …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Samaritan — Not to be confused with Sarmatians. Samaritans redirects here. For the charity, see Samaritans (charity). For other uses, see Samaritan (disambiguation). Samaritans שומרונים Samaritans on the …   Wikipedia

  • List of Biblical names — This is a list of names from the Bible, mainly taken from the 19th century public domain resource: : Hitchcock s New and Complete Analysis of the Holy Bible by Roswell D. Hitchcock, New York: A. J. Johnson, 1874, c1869.Each name is given with its …   Wikipedia

  • Geography of Babylonia and Assyria — The Geography of Babylonia, like its ethnology and history, enclosed between the two great rivers, the Tigris and Euphrates, forms but one country. The writers of antiquity clearly recognized this fact, speaking of the whole under the general… …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”